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In our geography topic we will be comparing various geographical features of the UK with features of Australia.


Week 1: Identify characteristics of a capital city: London.

If you have a globe, World map, or atlas at home, see if you can find the UK. Take a close look. Where is London? Now have a look on Google Earth (ask an adult to help you stay safe on the internet).

Now take a look at the Power Point and see if you can find these landmarks on Google Earth. As an extra challenge, play the landmarks activity; match the definitions to the pictures.

Now we are going to look at Australian landmarks: Identify characteristics of a non- European country. You might remember from our last geography topic; Oceans and Continents, that Australia is on the other side of the World.

The capital city of Australia is Canberra (the UK capital city is London). Can you find Canberra on Google Earth? How far away is it from London?

Let's take a look at the Power Point. It shows landmarks from all over Australia (and some others from all around the world). See how many you can find on Google Earth.

Choose a landmark and see how much you can find out about it. Where is it near to? What is it for? How old do you think it is?

Week 2:

This week we will compare the geographical differences and similarities between the UK and Australia.

Look at the British Isles (UK) landmarks photos (PDF). What do you notice about them? Which ones do you think are man-made, and which ones do you think are natural (were not made, but occurred naturally)? 

Next, look at the Australian landmarks (PDF). Which of these do you think are man-made, and which are naturally occurring physical landmarks? Write down which ones are man-made and which ones are natural.

(You could print the pictures and sort hem into two groups).

Now let's compare them. Write down the differences and similarities that you notice. What are the natural landmarks like in the UK? How are they different to the natural landmarks in Australia? How are they similar?

Now let's take a look at the capital cities of the UK and Australia. We know that London is the capital city of the UK, but what about Australia? If you don't already know, ask an adult to help you Google it, or have a look in an atlas, or a map of the World if you have one.


The Houses of Parliament is a very famous London landmark. The Government make very important decisions in this building. In Australia their Parliament building is in Canberra; the capital city.

Take a look at the two buildings. How are they different? Which one do you think is the oldest? 

Now let's compare weather and population in the UK and Australia.


What is the Equator? You might remember this from our topic on  continents and oceans. Look at a globe and World Map to identify the countries and continents either side of the equator. You could ask an adult to Google this for you if you don't have a map or globe.

What is the weather like in the UK? What do you think it's like in Australia? Look at the previous pictures and power points to give you clues.

With the support of an adult, Google the weather in London and the weather in Canberra today. You can record the results on the weather chart (below in Word doc). 

Next google the population (how many people live in a place/country) in London and Canberra, then the whole UK and whole of Australia. Compare the population to land size of each country. You could record your findings on a mind map or create a list for each country. How does the population size compare to the size of each country? Australia is much, much bigger than the UK. Are there more people in Australia? Talk about your findings with an adult.